Pages

Thursday, March 3, 2022

Life-sized hand skeleton

This pattern is the first of a long series of pattern that I'm gradually releasing that build up to the creation of a life-sized anatomically correct skeleton. This hand is life-sized (although a little on the larger side) and contains all of the bones and ligaments. The next pattern in the series is for the arm bones.


Difficulty:





Medium - difficult
This pattern is fairly complex, and the bones can be pretty fiddly. However, the stitches used aren't difficult. If you would like to give it a go, I'll be happy to help you if you get stuck :)


You will need:
  • A 1mm crochet hook
  • A 2mm crochet hook
  • anchor creative fino 4ply in white
  • Rico essentials #10 crochet cotton in white and light grey
  • Polyester stuffing
  • A darning needle
  • An embroidery needle
  • A pair of sharp scissors

-----------------------------------------------


Right hand

Part A: The bones

After each bone I have added a picture of said bone after it has been made, and once some shaping has been done on it.
palmar view of the phalanges/metacarpals [4]

dorsal (back) view of the phalanges/metacarpals [4]

Side view of the phalanges/metacarpals [4]



Section 1: The phalanges
The phalanges make up all the bones in your fingers. The consist of the proximal, medial, and distal phalanges, with the proximal being closest to your writs and distal being furthest away. After you have made each of them you will need to shape them. This can be done by using your needle and a strand of yarn to pull the crochet into position in the appropriate sections. I have included guidance on what the height, width, and depth of the bones should be at various points, along with photographs of the bones I have mode. You may also find it useful to refer to the photos above when working on the bones.


For the index and middle distal phalages:
With a 1mm hook and #10 yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (9sc)
Rounds 2 - 3: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 4: (sc, sc2tog) 3 times (6sc)
Round 5: sc in each st
Round 6: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (9sc)
Round 7: (sc2, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (12sc)
Round 8: sc in each st
Stuff firmly
Round 9: sc2tog 6 times (6sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2.2cm
Width: 0.6cm in the middle, 0.9cm at the top, and 1.2cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.7cm at the bottom, 0.4cm at the top



For the ring distal phalange:
With a 1mm hook and #10 yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Rounds 1 - 2: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Stuff
Round 3: (sc, sc2tog) twice (4sc)
Round 4: sc in each st
Round 5: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (6sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (9sc)
Round 8: sc in each st
Stuff firmly
Round 9: sc2tog 3 times
Fasten off


Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2.1cm
Width: 0.5cm in the middle, 0.7cm at the top, and 1cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.6cm at the bottom, 0.3cm at the top






For the pinkie distal phalange:
With a 1mm hook and #10 yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Rounds 1 - 2: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Stuff
Round 3: (sc, sc2tog) twice (4sc)
Round 4: sc in each st
Round 5: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (6sc)
Round 6: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (9sc)
Round 7: sc in each st
Stuff firmly
Round 8: sc2tog 3 times (6sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2cm
Width: 0.5cm in the middle, 0.7cm at the top, and 1cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.6cm at the bottom, 0.3cm at the top









For the thumb distal phalange:
With a 1mm hook and #10 crochet cottom make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in the first st, sc2, make 2sc in the following st, sc2 (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc3, make 2sc in the following st, sc2 (10sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: sc2, sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog, sc (8sc)
Rounds 5 - 6: (2 rows) sc in each st
Round 7: sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc3, make 2sc in the following st (10sc)
Round 8: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the last st (12sc)
Round 9: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc5, make 2sc in the following st, sc (14sc)
Round 10: sc in each st
Round 11: sc2, sc5tog, sc2, sc5tog (6sc)
Stuff
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2.7cm
Width: 0.9cm in the middle, 1.1cm at the top, and 1.6cm at the bottom
Depth: 1cm at the bottom, 0.3cm at the top





-----

For the index medial phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch6
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 3 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 3 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (12sc)
Round 2: sc in each st
Round 3: (slightly over 1 round) sc6, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Note: In the above round neither of the stitches in the sc2tog technically belong in this round, but I have included them to shift the start of the next round.
Round 4: (sc3, sc2tog) twice (8sc)
Rounds 5 - 7: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 8: make 2sc in the first st, sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc3 (10sc)
Round 9 - 11: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st, sc3 (12sc)
Round 13: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc5, make 2sc in the following st, sc4 (14sc)
Round 14: sc4tog, sc2, sc5tog, sc (7sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 3.4cm
Width: 0.8cm in the middle, 1.1cm at the top, and 1.4cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.6 in the middle, 1.1cm at the bottom, 0.7cm at the top







For the middle medial phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch6
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 3 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 3 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (12sc)
Round 2: (slightly more than 1 round) sc5, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 3 - 9: (7 rounds) sc in each st
Round 10: make 2sc in the first st, sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4 (12sc)
Rounds 11 - 12: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 13: make 2sc in the first st, sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc5 (14sc)
Round 14: sc in each st
Stuff
Round 15: (more than 1 round) sc5, sc5tog, sc2, sc5tog (6sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 3.5cm
Width: 0.8cm in the middle, 1.1cm at the top, and 1.5cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.6cm in the middle, 1.3cm at the bottom, 0.7cm at the top




Ring medial phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: sc in each st
Round 3: (slightly more than 1 round) Sc4, sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog (8sc)
Rounds 4 - 8: (5 rounds) sc in each st
Round 9: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) twice (10sc)
Round 10: (sc4, make 2sc in the next st) twice (12sc)
Round 11: Sc in each st
Round 12: Sc3, sc4tog, sc2, sc4tog (6sc)
Stuff
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2.6cm
Width: 0.7cm in the middle, 1cm at the top, and 1.4cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.5cm in the middle, 0.6cm at the bottom, 0.8cm at the top







For the pinkie medial phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: sc in each st
Round 3: (slightly more than 1 round) sc4, sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog (8sc)
Note: Whenever a 'round' is actually a little over one round (due to a sc2tog at the crossover between the round), the next round will start after this (that is, the position of the start of the next rounds will shift slightly)
Rounds 4 - 8: (5 rounds) sc in each st
Round 9: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) twice (10sc)
Round 10: (sc4, make 2sc in the next st) twice (12sc)
Round 11: sc in each st
Round 12: sc2, sc4tog, sc2, sc3tog (7sc)
Stuff (don't stuff too firmly as this will prevent you from doing the necessary shaping)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 2.4cm
Width: 0.7cm in the middle, 1cm at the top, and 1.2cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.5cm in the middle, 0.6cm at the bottom, 0.8cm at the top







-----

For the thumb proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc2, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (16sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: (slightly over one round) sc7, sc2tog, sc6, sc2tog (14sc)
Round 6: (slightly over one round) sc5, sc2tog, sc6, sc2tog (12sc)
Round 7: sc2tog twice, sc8 (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 9: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 10: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc7 (11sc)
Round 11: sc in each st
Round 11: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc8 (12sc)
Round 12: sc in each st
Round 13: make 2sc in the first st, sc10, make 2sc in the last st
Round 14: make 2sc in the first st, sc13 (15sc)
Round 15: sc in each st
Round 16: sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog twice, sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc, sc2tog (13sc)
Stuff
Round 17: sc2tog 6 times (7sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 3.3cm
Width: 1cm in the middle, 1.4cm at the top, and 1.8cm at the bottom
Depth: 0.7cm in the centre, 1cm at the bottom, and 1.5cm at the top





For the index proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch4
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (14sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc, sc2tog twice, sc9 (12sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc4, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 16: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 17: make 2sc in the first st, sc11 (13sc)
Round 18: sc in each st
Round 19: sc, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc10 (15sc)
Round 20: sc2, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc11 (17sc)
Round 21: sc in each st
Round 22: sc2tog 3 times, sc3, sc2tog 3 times, sc2 (11sc)
stuff
Round 23: sc2tog 6 times (5sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 4.5cm
Width: 1cm in the middle, 1.2cm at the top, and 1.8cm at the bottom bottom
Depth: 1cm in the centre, 1.5cm at the top and bottom






For the middle proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch4
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (14sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc, sc2tog twice, sc9 (12sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc4, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 17: (5 rounds) sc in each st
Round 18: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc5, make 2sc in the following st, sc (14sc)
Rounds 19 - 10: (2 rounds)
Round 21: sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc6, make 2sc in the following st, sc (16sc)
Round 22: sc, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc13 (18sc)
Round 23: sc in each st
Round 24: (sc, sc2tog) 6 times (12sc)
Stuff
Round 25: sc2tog 6 times (6sc)
Fasten off


Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 5cm
Width: 1cm in the middle, 1.3cm at the top, and 1.8cm bottom
Depth: 0.8cm in the centre, 1cm at the top, and 1.9cm at the bottom








For the ring proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch4
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (14sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc, sc2tog twice, sc9 (12sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc4, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 19: (7 rounds) sc in each st
Round 20: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st, sc5 (14sc)
Round 21: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc3, make 2sc in the following st, sc5 (16sc)
Round 22: sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc10 (17sc)
Rounds 23 - 24: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 25: (sc, sc2tog) 5 times, sc2 (12sc)
stuff
Round 26: sc2tog 6 times (6sc)
Fasten off

For the pinkie proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: Sc in each st
Round 3: Sc4, Sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog (8sc)
Rounds 4 - 5: (2 rounds) Sc in each st
Round 6: Sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc3, make 2sc in the last st (10sc)
Rounds 7 - 11: (5 rounds) Sc in each st
Round 12:make  2sc in the first st, sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4 (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 14: (2 rounds) Sc in each st
Round 15: Sc5, make 3sc in the next st, sc6 (14sc)
Rounds 16 - 17: (2 rounds) Sc in each st
Round 19: Sc4tog, sc2, sc4tog, sc (8sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 3.8cm
Width: 0.8cm in the middle, 1cm at the top, and 1.5cm bottom
Depth: 0.8cm in the centre, 1cm at the top, and 1.9cm at the bottom






Section 2: The metacarpals
These bones join the phalanges to the carpal (wrist) bones. They are situated inside the palm of your hand.

For metacarpal 1:
This is the metacarpal that attaches to the thumb phalanges

With 4ply yarn and a 2mm hook ch3
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then make 3sc in the fist chain st you made. Make 2sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into (6sc)
Round 2: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: sc2, sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog twice, sc (9sc)
Rounds 5 - 11: (7 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc8, make 2sc in the next st (10sc)
Round 13: make 2sc in the first st, sc8, make 2sc in the last st (12sc)
Round 14: make 2sc in the first st, sc11 (13sc)
Round 15: sc in each st
Round 16: sc3, sc3tog, sc3, sc3tog, sc (9sc)
Stuff
Round 17: (sc, sc2tog) 3 times (6sc)
Fasten off


Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 4.5cm
Width: 1.3cm in the middle, 1.5cm at the top and bottom
Depth: 1cm in the centre, 1.5cm at the top and bottom






Metacarpal 2:
With a 2mm hoook and ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (15sc)
Round 3: Sc in each st
Round 4: sc2tog, sc13 (14sc)
Round 5: Sc2tog, sc5, sc3tog, sc4 (11sc)
Round 6: Sc2tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 7: Sc2, sc2tog, sc6 (9sc)
Round 8: Sc in each st
Round 9: Sc2, sc2tog, sc5 (8sc)
Rounds 10 - 13: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 14: Sc3, sc2tog, sc3 (7sc)
Rounds 15 - 16: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 17: make 2sc in the first st, sc6 (8sc)
Round 18: Sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc2 (9sc)
Round 19: Sc in each st
Round 20: Sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc5, make 2sc in the last st (11sc)
Round 21: Sc10, make 2sc in the last st (12sc)
Round 22: Sc in each st
Round 23: Sc, hdc3, sc, slip1, sc, hdc3, sc, slip1
Round 24: In the back loop of each st: sc, sc3tog, sc3, sc3tog, sc2
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 7.2cm
Width: 0.9cm in the middle, 1.7cm at the top and bottom
Depth: 1.1cm in the centre, 1.5cm at the top and 2cm at the bottom





Metacarpal 3:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc2tog, sc8 (9sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: (slightly over 1 round) sc8, sc2tog (8sc)
Rounds 13 - 17: (5 rounds) sc in each st
Round 18: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc6, make 2sc in the last st (10sc)
Round 19: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc7 (11sc)
Rounds 20 - 21: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 22: (much less than 1 round) make 2sc in the first st, sc2
Round 23: in the back loop only of each st: sc4tog, sc, sc2tog twice, sc
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 7cm
Width: 0.9cm in the middle, 1.5cm at the top and bottom
Depth: 1cm in the centre, 1.5cm at the top and 1.8cm at the bottom




For metacarpal 4:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: (sc3, sc2tog) twice (8sc)
Rounds 7 - 10: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 11: sc, sc2tog, sc5 (7sc)
Rounds 12 - 14: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 15: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc4 (8sc)
Round 16: sc, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc5 (10sc)
Round 17: sc in each st
Round 18: in the back loop only of each st: sc2tog 5 times (5sc)
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 6.3cm
Width: 0.7cm in the middle, 1.5cm at the top and bottom
Depth: 0.7cm in the centre, 1.5cm at the top and bottom






For metacarpal 5:
This metacarpal attaches to the pinkie finger
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: (sc3, sc2tog) twice (8sc)
Rounds 7 - 8: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 9: (slightly more than 1 round) sc7, sc2tog (7sc)
Rounds 10 - 13: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 14: make 2sc in the first st, sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc (9sc)
Round 15: make 2sc in the first st, sc5, make 2sc in the following st, sc2 (11sc)
Round 16: sc in each st
Round 17: in the back loop of each st: sc2tog 6 times
Fasten off

Dimensions after shaping:
Length: 6cm
Width: 0.9cm in the middle, 1.5cm at the top and bottom
Depth: 0.7cm in the centre, 1.3cm at the bottom, and 1.5cm at the top







Section 3: The carpal bones
These bones form the wrist, and are what the metacarpals attach to. Like the phalanges/metacarpals, these bones also need some shaping. Again I have included photos of my bones, both before and after the shaping, along with some advice on how to go about shaping them.



For the pisiform:
With a 1mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: sc in each st
Round 2: 3sc, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc3 (8sc)
Row 2.5: sc. turn
Row 3: slip1, bfsc2, make 2bfsc in the next st, bfsc5. ch1, turn
Row 4: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4. ch1, turn (10sts)
Row 5: bfsc10. ch1, turn
Row 6: sc3, sc2tog twice, sc3. ch1, turn (8sc)
Row 7: make 2bfsc in the first st, bfsc, bfsc2tog twice, bfsc, make 2bfsc in the last st. ch1, turn (8sts)
Row 8: sc, sc2tog 3 times, sc (5sc)
Fasten off
Fold in half and sew the cast-off edge closed


Rejoin yarn to the opening of this bone, just after the cast on-cast off edge (as shown below)
Round 1: sc14 around the opening
Round 2: sc2tog, sc2, sc2tog 3 times, sc2, sc3tog (8sc)
Stuff
Round 3: sc2tog twice (6sc)
Fasten off

Flatten this section you have just made (the 3 rounds since you rejoined your yarn, to make a smooth face)



For the hamate (capitate):
With a 1mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 6 times (18sc)
Rounds 3 - 5: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 6: sc, make 2sc in each of the next 3sts, sc7, make 2sc in the next st, sc6 (22sc)
Round 7: sc4, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc9, make 2sc in the next st, sc6 (25sc)
Rounds 8 - 9: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 10: sc16, sc2tog, sc7 (24sc)
Round 11: sc4, sc2tog twice, sc5, sc2tog 3 times, sc5 (19sc)
Round 12: sc3, ch1, hdc3tog, ch1, sc, slip3, sc2tog 3 times, slip3 (16sts)
Stuff
Round 13: sc2, hdc5tog (including the chain sts), sc2, sc2tog 3 times (9sts)
Round 14: sc2tog 3 times
Fasten off

Use your thread to accentuate the bump on the top of the bone (where you started the crochet), and create a small point on the bottom corner of the base (as can be seen in the 2nd image)





For the scaphoid:
With a 1mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (15sc)
Rounds 3 - 6: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Rounds 7 - 8: (2 rounds) hdc4, sc4, slip3, sc4
Round 9: hdc4, sc3, slip5, sc3
Round 10: hdc2tog twice, sc3, slip5, sc3 (13sts)
Round 11: sc2tog, sc4, slip3, sc3, hdc (12sts)
Round 12: hdc3, sc3, slip3, sc3
Rounds 13 - 14: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Stuff lightly
Round 15: sc2tog 6 times (6sts)
Fasten off

Weave in the loose end and use it to create a dent in the centre of the bone, as shown in the 2nd photo.


For the trapezoid:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch7
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 4 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 4 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (14sc)
Round 2: Sc3, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc9 (16sc)
Round 3: (slightly more than 1 round)  sc14, sc3tog (14sc)
Round 4: sc in each st
Round 5: Sc2tog, sc12 (13sc)
Round 6: Sc3, sc2tog, sc8 (12sc)
Round 7: Sc2, sc3tog, sc7
Round 8: Sc in each st
Fasten off
Stuff

Flatten the top opening and sew it closed. Use your thread to create a vertical ridge along the front, around 1/3 of the way from the right, as shown in the 3rd photo below.



For the trapezium:
For the bump:
With a 1mm hook and #10 crochet cotton make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (9sc)
Round 2: sc in each st
Fasten off  neatly

With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, make 2sc in each of the next 3sts, sc2, make 2sc inboth of the last sts (16sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4; sc3, make 3sc in the next st, sc7, 3sc, sc4 (20sc)
Round 5: in the back loop of each st: sc3, sc3tog, sc7, sc3tog, sc4 (16sc)
Round 6: sc5, sc in one of the sts of the bump section, then sc in the next 7sts of this section. sc in the next st of the main section, sc in the next 5sts, sc2tog, sc3 (23sc)
Round 8: sc3, sc4tog, sc5, sc3tog, sc8 (18sc)
Round 9: sc3, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog, sc7 (16sc)
Round 10: sc3, sc2tog, sc6, sc2tog, sc3 (14sc)
Round 11: sc in each st
Round 12: sc2, sc2tog, sc5, sc2tog, sc3 (12sc)
Round 13: sc2, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog, sc2 (10sc)
stuff lightly
Round 14: sc2tog 5 times (5sc)


For the point:
make a magic loop wth 5sc
Rounds 1 - 2: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 3: hdc2, slip1
Fasten off

Sew this to the top of the trapezium, as shown in the images below. It should be pointing sightly towards you when the pointed end of the bone (where you fastened off) is pointing to the right.
You should also use your thread to pull back the section of the bone inside the ring made by crocheting in the back loop only (around where you started the bone), so that it forms an indent.





For the hamate:
With a 1mm hook and #10 crochet cotton make a magic loop with 6sc
R 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2; Sc5, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc5
Round 3: Sc6, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc6 (16sc)
Rounds 4 - 7: (4 rounds) Sc in each st
Round 5: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 4 times (20sc)
Rounds 6 - 7: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 8: (Sc2, sc2tog) 5 times (15sc)
Round 9: (Sc, sc2tog) 5 times (10sc)
Stuff
Round 10: Sc2tog 5 times
Fasten off

For the knob:
make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 5: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Fasten off
Sew this to the top of the body of the hamate, as shown in the image below.




For the Lunate:
With a 1mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2: (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 6 times (18sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: (sc2, make 2sc in the next st) 6 times (24sc)
Rounds 5 - 7: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Rounds 8 - 10: (3 rounds) sc3, hdc3, sc3, slip3, sc3, hdc3, sc3, slip3
Round 11: slip3, ch1, hdc3, ch1, slip9, ch1, hdc3, ch1, slip6 (28sts)
Round 12: slip3, hdc5tog, slip9, hdc5tog, slip6 (20sts)
Round 13: (less than 1 round) slip2, sc4tog, slip6, sc4tog, slip1 (16sts)
Stuff
Round 14: sc2tog 8 times (8sc)
Fasten off



For the Triquetral:
Ch3
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then make 2sc in the back loop of the first chain st you made (6sc)
Round 2: Sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, make 4sc in the next st (10sc)
Round 3: Sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc (12sc)
Round 4: Sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc2 (14sc)
Rounds 5 - 8: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 6: Hdc3, sc, sc2tog 8 times (6sc)
Fasten off

Use your thread to create 4 ridges along the length of this bone to make it into more of a cuboid shape.



Part B: The ligaments

The bones are joined to each other by ligaments, and I have tried to replicate this as much as possible. The ligaments are all created using a 0.9mm hook and light grey #10 crochet cotton. I have included many images to assist you in this section.

As before I will demonstrate in detail with the right hand, but and the left-hand is done in exactly the same way, except reversed. However, as the articulation is quite complex I will also include images to help you make up the left hand as well.

Section 1: The wrist ligaments

There are lots of ligaments that reach from the carpal bones to the radius and ulna, but these are not included in this pattern (they will be included in the pattern I hope to make for the rest of the arm, along with details of how to attach the hand).

All the ligaments are made using a 1mm hook and light grey #10 crochet cotton.



First we will position the triquetral. Lie it flat so that the starting end is on the left and the cast-off edge on the right, as shown below.



The next bone we will introduce is the hamate. Place it so that the knobbly bit is pointing towards you, as shown below. 

For the Triquetrohamate (TH) ligament:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in both sts
Fasten off
Sew one end of this to the hamate slightly left and below where the knob is. Sew the other end to the triquetral to the upper middle. This can be seen in the images above.


We will now add the capitate. This lies just to the right of the hamate, with the rounded starting end being at the bottom, and the cast-off edge at the top. The more pointy side should be facing towards you, as can be seen in the video below.




The capitate has ligaments to both the hamate and the triquetral.

The capitohamate ligament can be divided into 3 sections - the palmar, dorsal (back of the hand), and deep regions. We will be returning to the deep and dorsal ligaments later.

For the palmar capitohamate ligament:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in the next chain st
Fasten off
Sew one end of this to the hamate, slighlty to the right of the knob. Sew the other end to the left of the capitate, as shown below.




For the triquetrocapitate ligament:
ch7
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and every following chain st. ch1, turn (6sc)
Row 2: sc in each st
Fasten off
The ligament connects the capitate and triquetral across the top of the hamate. This can be seen in the images below.


The next bone to add is the scaphoid, which connects to the capitate. It is situated just below and slightly to the right of the capitate.

For the scaphocapitate ligament:
ch5
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st, hdc in the last 2 chain sts. ch1, turn
Row 2: hdc2, sc2
Fasten off
Sew the larger end of this ligament to the lower right-hand side of the capitate. The other end should be sewn to the scaphoid as can be seen in the images below.



Then the trapezium should be placed in position, just above the right-hand side of the scaphoid bone. The little spike you added at the end should be pointing roughly towards you, and the cast-on edge section should be on the top right-hand side, as shown in the video below.



There is one ligament that goes from the scaphoid to both the trapezium and trapezoid, fanning out in a v-shape. This is called the scapho-trapezium-trapezoid ligament (STT). For simplicity I have created this in 2 parts, one that goes from the scaphoid to the trapezium, and the other from the scaphoid to the trapezoid.

For the trapezium-scaphoid section of the STT:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1 turn
Row 2: sc in each st. ch1, turn
Row 3: sc2tog
Fasten off

Note that for this ligament (like all the other ligaments), the cast-on and cast-off edges are at the sides, and the ends that attach to the bones are perpendicular to the way the rows are positioned.

Sew one end of this ligament to the scaphoid. The cast-off edge of the ligament should be on the right. Sew the other end to the trapezium so that the right-hand corner of the ligament is just above the small knobbly bit on the trapezium (that you attached last).



Next position the trapezoid bone between the capitate and trapezium so that the cast-on edge faces towards you, and the little groove you created is on the left.




For the trapeziocapitate ligament:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in both sts
Fasten off

Sew one end of this to the right-hand side of the capitate and the other to the left-hand side of the trapezium



The next ligament connects the trapezium and trapezoid bones. Again there are both palmar and dorsal parts of this bone - we will work on the dorsal part later.

For the Trapeziotrapezoid ligament:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in both sts. ch1, turn
Row 3: sc in both sts
Fasten off
Sew one edge of this ligament  to the curve of the trapezoid, to the side facing you. Sew the other edge to the trapezium bone, as shown in the images below.


For the trapezoid-scaphoid section of the STT:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in both sts
Fasten off

Sew one end to the same region of the scaphoid as you sewed the scaphoid-trapezium ligament, then sew the other end to the lower edge of the trapezoid, as shown below.


Now we are going to turn the whole section of crochet over and work on the ligaments in the central plane of the hand, known as the interosseous ligaments. We have aready started on a few of these (such as the capitohamate ligament), and for those we will now be working on the deep regions.

For the deep capitohamate region:
This region acts as a pivot of rotation for the capitate/hamate bones
make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: sc in each st
Fasten off

Sew this between the hamate and capitate bones, just in front of the ligament region you have already created.



Next we will add the trapeziocapitate ligament. This technically consists of 3 parts (palmar, dorsal and deep regions), but this pattern only includes the deep region of the ligament, for simplicity.

For the trapeziocapitate ligament:
make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: sc in each st
Fasten off
Sew in the gap between the capitate and trapezium bones to connect them. 




Next we will add the lunate bone. This joins to the triquitrum and scaphoid via ligaments found deep within the wrist.
Position the lunate between the scaphoid and triquetrum so that the moon-shaped faces are on the sides and pointing towards the hamate, as can be seen in the images below.


For the Scapholunate interosseous ligament:
Make a magic loop with 6sc
Fasten off
Sew between the left side of the lunate and the right end of the scaphoid.


For the Lunotriquetral interosseous ligament:
Make a magic loop with 6sc
Fasten off
Sew between the right side of the lunate and end left of the triquetral.


Now we will move onto the dorsal ligaments.

For the dorsal part of the trapeziotrapezoid:
ch2
Row 1. sc in the 2nd chain st from hook. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in this st
Fasten off

Sew one side of this to the trapezium and the other to the trapezoid as can be seen in the image below. Remember that the edges that connect to the bone lie perpendicular to the grain of the rows.



For the dorsal capitohamate region:
ch2
Row 1. sc in the 2nd chain st from hook. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in this st
Fasten off

Sew between the capitate and hamate, just above the deep region of the ligament you have already sewn in place.


The next ligament we will attach is the dorsal intercarpal ligament, which stretches across the back of the hand in a v-shape, attaching to the triquetrum, scaphoid, and trapezoid. Like the previous v-shaped ligament, we will make it in 2 parts.

For the triquetrum-scaphoid segment:
ch10
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 8 chain sts. ch1, turn (9sc)
Row 2: sc in each st
Fasten off

Sew one end of this to the lower right-hand corner of the triqueal, and the other end to the scaphoid, as shown below.


For the triquetrum-trapezoid segment:
ch11
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 9 chain sts (10sc)
Fasten off

Sew one end to the triquetrum in the same place as you sewed the other part of the ligament. The other end should be sewn to the lower right-hand corner of the trapezoid, as shown below.


That's the end of the wrist ligaments! You may realised that there's one bone - the pisiform - that we haven't yet used. This is because that bone doesn't join to any of the other bones in the wrist.It will be attached when I add the ligaments from the arm bones, but if you are only intending to make the hands you may want to just sew it in place. If you turn the wrist over it is situated just in form of the triquetrum.




Section 2: the joint capsules
Each of the finger bones are joined together via bundles of ligaments that form a joint capsule. These joints are known as the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint (between the metacarpal and proximal phalanges), the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint (between the proximal and medial pahalanges), and the distal interphalange (DIP) joint (between the medial and distal phalanges).
Like the wrist ligaments, all of these ligaments are made using a 1mm hook and light grey #10 crochet cotton.

For the pinkie and ring DIP:
ch10
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (10sc)
Round 2: (sc4, make 2sc in the next st) twice (12sc)
Round 3: (sc4, sc2tog) twice(10sc)
Fasten off

Sew these between the base of the distal phalange and the head of the medial phalange on the pinkie and ring fingers. squeeze the front edge of the ligament so that the 2 bone are as close together as possible, then sew this in place. This will keep the bones as close as possible whilst also allowing the fingers to bend.


For the middle, index, and thumb DIP:
ch12
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (12sc)
Round 2: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (15sc)
Round 3: (sc3, sc2tog) 3 times (12sc)
Fasten off

Sew these between the distal and medial phalanges of the middle and index fingers in the same way as you did for the ring and pinkie fingers. It should also be sewn between the base of the distal phalange and the head of the proximal phalange of the thumb.

For the pinkie, ring, and middle PIP:
ch12
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (12sc)
Round 2: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (15sc)
Round 3: (sc3, sc2tog) 3 times (12sc)
Fasten off

Sew between the base of the medial phalange and head of the proximal phalange of the pinkie, ring, and middle fingers in the same way as you did for the DIPs.

For the index PIP:
ch15
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (15sc)
Round 2: (sc5, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (18sc)
Round 3: (sc5, sc2tog) 3 times (15sc)
Fasten off

Sew between the base of the medial phalange and head of the proximal phalange of the index finger, remembering to sew the front of the ligament closed as before


For the pinky and thumb MP:
ch15
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (15sc)
Round 2: (sc2, make 2sc in the next st) 5 times (20sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: (sc2, sc2tog) 5 times (15sc)
Fasten off

Sew this between the base of the proximal phalange and the head of the metacarpal of the pinkie finger and thumb, in the same way as before.


For the index, middle, and ring MP:
ch18
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (18sc)
Round 2: (sc5, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (21sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: (sc5, sc2tog) 3 times (18sc)
Fasten off




Next we will add the deep transverse metacarpal ligaments, which join up the MP ligaments on each finger.

For the deep transverse metacarpal ligaments (make 3):
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. ch1, turn
Row 2: sc in both sts
Fasten off

These should be sewn between the MP ligaments of neighbouring fingers. Line up the bones so that they are palm upwards, and sew one end of the ligament to one MP and the other to that of the neighbouring finger.



Section 3: The wrist-finger ligaments
The final stage of this pattern is joining the fingers to the carpal bones. This involves both the ligaments on the front and back of the hand, known as the metacarpal and carpometacarpal ligaments.

We will start with the carpometacarpal ligaments first, working on each finger individually. Each metacarpal is joined to the carpal bones by several ligaments, as you will see. Start by placing the wrist complex palm upwards, and placing the fingers above it (also palm-upwards). This can be seen in the image above.

For the pinkie finger:
For the ligaments (make 2):
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts (3sc)
Fasten off

The pinkie finger is joined to the trapezoid via one ligament at the front and one at the back. Their positioning can be seen below.


Flip the hand over



For the ring finger:
This is attached by 4 ligaments: 2 palmar and 2 distal. Two of these attach to the hamate and the other two join to the capitate.

For the ligaments (make 4):
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts (3sc)
Fasten off

Flip the hand back to being palm-upwards





Flip the hand over to being palm-down.











For the middle finger:
The middle finger has 5 ligaments connecting to it: 3 dorsal and 3 palmar. 2 of these join to the hamate, 2 to the capitate, and one to the trapezoid. Turn the hand back over so the palm is facing upwards.

For the palmar hamate ligament:
ch6
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (5sc)
Fasten off

This should lie underneath the hamate-metacarpal 4 ligament, as shown below:


For the palmar capitate ligament:
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (3sc)
Fasten off




For the palmar trapezoid ligament:
ch5
Row 1: sc in the 2nd st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (4sc)
Fasten off



Turn the hand over so that it's palm-down

For the dorsal capitate ligament:
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (3sc)
Fasten off


For the dorsal tapezoid ligament:
ch6
Row 1: sc in the 2nd st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (5sc)
Fasten off



For the index finger:
This finger has 4 ligaments attached (2 palmar and 2 distal). Two of these join up to the trapezoid and two to the trapezium. 
Turn the hand so its palm-up

For the palmar trapezoid ligament:
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (3sc)
Fasten off


For the palmar trapezium ligament:
ch5
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in every following chain st (4sc)
Fasten off




Turn the hand so that the palm faces down.

For the distal trapezoid ligament:
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, and in the following chain st. ch1, turn (2sc)
Row 2: sc in this st
Fasten off


For the distal trapezium ligament:
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then sc in every following chain st. ch1, turn (3sc)
Row 2: sc in each st
Fasten off




For the thumb:
The thumb is joined to the hand by a joint capsule, similar to those between the finger bones.
For the joint capsule:
ch18
Round 1: sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in every following chain st to make a loop (18sc)
Round 2: sc in each st
Fasten off

Sew one edge to the base of the thumb metacarpal ligament, and the other to the trapezium, around where the ridge is from where you crocheted in the back loop only.



Finally you need to make the metacarpal ligaments. These attach between the neighbouring metacarpal bones at their base.

For those between the pinkie/ring and ring/middle fingers (make 4):
ch3
Row 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st (2sc)
Fasten off


For those between the middle/index fingers (make 2):
ch4
Row 1: sc in the 2nd  chain st from hook and the next chain sts (3sc)
Fasten off

These need to be sewn to both the front and back of the hand, as shown in the images below.









Left hand
Much of the left hand is the same as the right hand. Assume that any bones not mentioned are identical to those of the right hand.

Part A: The bones


Section 1: The phalanges
For the distal phalanges:
Make as for the right hand

For the medial phalanges:
Make as for the right hand


For the ring proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch4
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (14sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc, sc2tog twice, sc9 (12sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc4, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 19: (7 rounds) sc in each st
Round 20: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in the following st, sc5 (14sc)
Round 21: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, make 2sc in the following st, sc11 (16sc)
Round 22: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc11 (17sc)
Rounds 23 - 24: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 25: (sc, sc2tog) 5 times, sc2 (12sc)
stuff firmly
Round 26: sc2tog 6 times (6sc)
Fasten off

For the index proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch4
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next chain st. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (8sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (14sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc, sc2tog twice, sc9 (12sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc4, sc2tog, sc4, sc2tog (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4, make 2sc in teh last st (12sc)
Rounds 13 - 16: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 17: sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc6 (13sc)
Round 18: sc in each st
Round 19: sc5, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc6 (15sc)
Round 20: sc6, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc7 (17sc)
Round 21: sc in each st
Round 22; sc2tog twice, sc2, sc2tog 3 times, sc3, sc2tog (11sc)
stuff
Round 23: sc2tog 6 times (5sc)
Fasten off

For the thumb proximal phalange:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch5
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 2 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 2 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (10sc)
Round 2: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times, sc2, (sc, make 2sc in the next st) twice (16sc)
Rounds 3 - 4: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: (slightly over one round) sc7, sc2tog, sc6, sc2tog (14sc)
Round 6: (slightly over one round) sc5, sc2tog, sc6, sc2tog (12sc)
Round 7: sc2tog twice, sc8 (10sc)
Rounds 8 - 9: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 10: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc7 (11sc)
Round 11: sc in each st
Round 12: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc8 (12sc)
Round 13: sc in each st
Round 14: sc5, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc5 (14sc)
Round 15: sc6, make 2sc in the next st, sc7 (15sc)
Round 16: sc in each st
Round 17: (slightly more than 1 round) sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc, sc2tog twice, sc3, sc2tog twice (12sc)
Stuff
Round 18: sc2tog 6 times (6sc)
Fasten off

Section 2: The metacarpals
For metacarpal 1:
With 4ply yarn and a 2mm hook ch3
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook, then make 3sc in the fist chain st you made. Make 2sc in the back of the previous chain st you crocheted into (6sc)
Round 2: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 3: sc in each st
Round 4: sc2, sc2tog, sc3, sc2tog twice, sc (9sc)
Rounds 5 - 11: (7 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4 (10sc)
Round 13: sc4, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc4 (12sc)
Round 14: sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc6 (13sc)
Round 15: sc in each st
Round 16: sc3, sc3tog, sc3, sc3tog, sc (9sc)
Round 17: (sc, sc2tog) 3 times (6sc)
Fasten off


For metacarpal 2:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Round 2: (sc3, make 2sc in the next st) 3 times (15sc)
Round 3: Sc in each st
Round 4: sc2tog, sc13 (14sc)
Round 5: Sc2tog, sc5, sc3tog, sc4 (11sc)
Round 6: Sc2tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 7: Sc7, sc2tog, sc (9sc)
Round 8: Sc in each st
Round 9: Sc7, sc2tog (8sc)
Rounds 10 - 13: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 14: (slightly more than 1 round) Sc7, sc2tog(7sc)
Rounds 15 - 16:( 2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 17: make 2sc in the first st, sc6 (8sc)
Round 18: Sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc5 (9sc)
Round 19: Sc in each st
Round 20: Sc5, make 2sc in the next st, sc2, make 2sc in the last st (11sc)
Round 21: make 2sc in the first st, Sc10 (12sc)
Round 22: Sc in each st
Round 23: Sc, hdc3, sc, slip1, sc, hdc3, sc, slip1
Round 24: in the back loop of each st: sc, sc3tog, sc3, sc3tog, sc2 (8sc)
Fasten off

For metacarpal 3:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: sc in each st
Round 7: sc2tog, sc8 (9sc)
Rounds 8 - 11: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 12: sc, sc2tog, sc6 (8sc)
Rounds 13 - 17: (5 rounds) sc in each st
Round 18: sc, make 2sc in the next st, sc3, make 2sc in the following st, sc2 (10sc)
Round 19: sc2, make 2sc in the next st, sc7 (11sc)
Rounds 20 - 21: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 22: (this is less than 1 whole round) make 2sc in the first st, sc2 (12sc)
In the back loop only of each st: sc4tog, sc, sc2tog twice, sc (8sc)
Fasten off

For metacarpal 4:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: (sc3, sc2tog) twice (8sc)
Rounds 7 - 10: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 11: sc, sc2tog, sc4 (7sc)
Rounds 12 -14: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 15: sc3, make 2sc in the next st, sc3 (8sc)
Round 16: sc5, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc (10sc)
Round 17: sc in each st
Round 18: in the back loop only of each st: sc2tog 5 times (5sc)
Fasten off

For metacarpal 5:
With a 2mm hook and 4ply yarn make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: make 2sc in each st (12sc)
Rounds 2 - 4: (3 rounds) sc in each st
Round 5: sc3tog, sc9 (10sc)
Round 6: (sc3, sc2tog) twice (8sc)
Rounds 7 - 8: (2 rounds) sc in each st
Round 9: (slightly more than 1 round) sc7, sc2tog (7sc)
Rounds 10 - 13: (4 rounds) sc in each st
Round 14: make 2sc in the first st, sc, 2sc, sc4 (9sc)
Round 15: make 2sc in the first st, sc2, make make 2sc in the next st, sc5(11sc)
Round 16: sc in each st
Round 17: (this is less than 1 full round) sc in the first 5sts
Round 18: in the back loop of each st: sc2tog 6 times (5sc)
Fasten off


Section 3: The carpal bones
For the pisiform:
With a  1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton make a magic loop with 6sc
Round 1: sc in each st
Round 2: 3sc, sc3, make 2sc in each of the last 2sts (8sc)
Row 2.5: sc. turn
Row 3: slip1, bfsc5, make 2bfsc in tee next st, bfsc2. ch1, turn (9sts)
Row 4: sc4, make 2sc in the next st, sc4 (10sts)
Row 5: bfsc10
Row 6: sc3, sc2tog twice, sc3 (8sc)
Row 7: make 2bfsc in the first st, bfsc, bfsc2tog twice, bfsc, make 2bfsc in the last st (8sts)
Row 8: sc, sc2tog 3 times, sc (5sc)
Fasten off
Fold in half and sew the cast-off edge closed

Rejoin yarn to the opening of the bone to the right-hand side of the seam you just sewed closed
Round 1: sc14 around the opening of this bone
Round 2: sc2tog, sc2, sc2tog 3 times, sc2, sc3tog (8sc)
Stuff
Round 3: sc2tog twice (6sc)
Fasten off


For the trapezium:
This should be made in the same way as the right trapezium, but you should sew the point on the top so that it is slightly forwards when the flat face (where yo attach the thumb) is pointing to the right, as shown in the image below. This is the opposite to what you did for the right trapezoid



For the trapezoid:
With a 1mm crochet hook and #10 crochet cotton ch7
Round 1: sc in the 2nd chain st from hook and the next 4 chain sts. make 3sc in the first chain st you made, then sc in the back of the previous 4 chain sts you crocheted into in turn. Finally make 2sc in the back of the first chain st you crocheted into. (14sc)
Round 2: Sc8, make 2sc in each of the next 2sts, sc4 (16sc)
Round 3: (slightly more than 1 round) , sc3tog (14sc)
Round 4: sc in each st
Round 5: Sc2tog, sc12 (13sc)
Round 6: Sc8, sc2tog, sc3 (12sc)
Round 7: Sc7, sc3tog, sc3 (10sc)
Round 8: Sc in each st
Fasten off
Stuff
Press flat and create a ridge in teh same way as you did for the right trapezoid (but it should be a mirror image)



Part B: The ligaments

All the ligaments for the left hand are the same was for the right, they are just attached in a way that is the mirror image of what you did before. I have included a photo tutorial below on how to do this - all written details are the same as for the right hand.

Section 1: The wrist ligaments








Turn over




Section 2: The joint capsules
These are identical to for the right hand.

Section 3: The wrist-finger ligaments











That's all for this pattern, I hope you enjoyed it!!! If you have any questions about this or any of my other patterns, please do  to contact me, wither by leaving a comment below, or via my Instagram or Ravelry pages. You can also email me at lhodginscrochet@gmail.com, which is best for questions needing a more complex reply.

If you want to know more about what I'm working on and get updated whenever I post a new pattern, you can follow me on my Instagram page.
 You are very welcome to sell finished products, but I do ask that you don't re-post this pattern or claim it as your own. Thank you!!!


References:
[1] E. Apergis, Wrist Anatomy, Fracture-Dislocations of the wrist, p.7-41, Jul.2013
[2] S.J. Chinchalkar and J.G. Pipicelli, Wrist Instabilities, Muscoskeletal key, Sep.2016
[3] Anon., healthline, Palmar Metacarpal Ligament, Jan. 2019
[4] T.D. White, Human Osteology p.189-206, Academic Press, 1991
[5] J.T. Hansen, Netter's anatomy flash cards, Fifth Edition, Upper Limb, Elsevier

No comments:

Post a Comment

Small intestine

 This small intestine forms part of a series of patterns I'm making that come together to form the digestive tract. It measures around 5...